Dental Implants and Smoking, a Bad Combination
The use of tobacco is associated with gingival bleeding, periodontal disease, bad breath and oral cancer.
Dental implants might have a better success rate for non-smokers. But if you smoke, that does not mean that you cant have a successful treatment. Clinical experience and research results show very clear results.
If you smoke, you can expect more complications. Many studies have shown that reducing on quitting your smoking habits will lower the chances to have a dental implants problems or even failure.
It has also been demonstrated that any oral surgery healing is compromised when the patient smokes. Results have shown that the failure rate increases twice on smokers than in non-smokers.
When you smoke, you inhale nicotine which is a vasoconstrictor. Nicotine will reduce drastically the blood supply to the bone graft or/and surgical site. If the tissue around the dental implant received the heat from smoking it can also suffer the consequences.
The proper heal after a dental implant surgery depends on the Osseointegration process. This means the fusion of the metal and the bone. This way the screw will integrate with your own bone.
The lack of proper blood irrigation and the heat can create further problems. The mouth will not heal correctly if you smoke. Results show that smoking reduces the success rate and drops somewhere around 50%-70%.
A smoker is constantly inhaling vasoconstrictors. When you are experiencing the osseointegration process after the implants surgery, you need optimal blood irrigation.
If you cannot quit smoking, allow the implants to heal and to complete the osseointegration process (when the metal fuse with the bone). It will not help your overall health but it will help the implants to heal. Patients that smoke should quit at least during two months after the surgery.
It is extremely important that you clearly understand the risks and the possible complications if you smoke during the healing process of your surgery.
Inhaling smoke will produce keratosis. Keratosis is a white layer inside someone`s mouth. Keratosis is a pre-cancerous symptom.
It can also produce mouth dryness as the toxins and the nicotine blocks the salivary glands.
A dry mouth can also boost the growth of bacteria and pathogenic agents. Bacteria can also cause gum (periodontal) disease.
If you smoke after the first two weeks after the surgery, the chance of a loss of the implant or an infection increases. The risk of a failure significantly increases during the first two weeks after the treatment.
Smoking also boosts the bone loss around the titanium screws. It is also more common in people that show symptoms of infection or inflammation around the gums or tissue. When you smoke you increase the temperature inside your mouth which also increases the chance of a failure.
Smoking can increase the chances to lose an implant even after years of placing it. Later failures of crowns attached to implants are correlated to an active smoking history.
When you quit smoking you will benefit your health. You can also benefit your blood irrigation which also helps the healing of the implants.
If you smoke, try to stop it at least two weeks before the surgery and try to quit it forever. improve the quality of life and quit smoking today. Increase the chances of success rate for full mouth dental implants.